两种过去时态的特殊用法,秒懂!(附典型例句)

一, 过去进行时的特殊用法
(1) when表示时间点,所引导的句子用一般过去时;而while 表示时间段,所引导的句子用过去进行时
When the telephone rang, I was taking a shower.
电话响时我正在洗澡。
(2) 两个动作同时进行时,主句与从句都要用进行时
He was reading newspaper while I was studying.
我在学习时,他在看报。
(3) get, become, turn, go , begin, finish等动词用进行时表示“逐渐,越来越…,快要”
When I arrive at the theater,the play was just beginning.
当我到达剧院时,戏剧即将开始。

两种过去时态的特殊用法,秒懂!(附典型例句)
(4) 过去进行时与always, forever,all the time等词连用时,表示对不良习惯的抱怨
They were always quarrelling.
他们总是在吵架。
(5) was/were going to 结构常表示过去未能实现的计划或打算
Why didn’t you come to the meeting yesterday?
你昨天为什么没去开会?
I was going to ,but my father came to my house.
我本打算去,但我的父亲来我家了。

两种过去时态的特殊用法,秒懂!(附典型例句)
二, 过去完成时的用法拓展
(1) 表达未曾实现的计划或愿望时用plan, intend, mean, want, hope, expect, think, suppose等的过去完成时后接不定式的一般式(或that 引导的从句)。
He had planned to attend the meeting last Sunday, but an accident happened to him.
他上周日本来打算去开会,但他遭受了意外事故。
注意:上述动词的过去完成时并非总是含有“原打算,原希望”之意。
By the end of the year 1990,we had planned to buy a farm and in 1992 we bought a small one.teacheray.com
到1990年底,我们已打算买一座农场。在1992年我们买了个小的。

(2) 在由hardly…when…, no sooner…than…引导的句子中,主句常用过去完成时。当hardly, no sooner位于句首时,主句的主谓要倒装
Hardly had he sat down when a visitor came in.
他刚一坐下就有一个游客进来了。

(3) 要注意有些瞬间动词在过去完成时中不能与表示一段时间的状语连用.
She had died for five years before I knew it.(误)
She had been dead for five years before I knew it.(正)
在我知道之前她死了有五年了。

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