中考必备短语学起来

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Unit 2
Section 2A

1.used to do过去常常作某事,表示以往的事实或情况
He used to be tall , didn’t he ?
他过去是很高的,是吗?
2.Over here! = Come over here! 到这边来!过来!
3.play the piano 弹钢琴
4.be interested in 对…感兴趣.
5. be on a team 加入…队
I’m on a swim team.
我加入了游泳队。
6.People sure change.人确实在变
7.be afraid of害怕,畏惧
be afraid of sth /doing sth 害怕…
I used to be afraid of the dark.
我过去很怕黑。
He is afraid of going /to go out alone at night.
他害怕夜晚独自出去。
8.be alone 独自、单独(表状态)
live alone单独住,独居
9.in an airplane 坐飞机.
10.go to sleep 入睡、睡着
11. be terrified of 害怕.
be terrified of sb/sth对…感到恐惧,很害怕
12.with the light on开着灯
He often sleeps with the light on.
他经常开灯睡觉。

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Section 2B

1. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行去上学
take the bus to school = go to school by bus 乘公共汽车去上学
2. gym class 体操课.
3. worry about. 担心.
4. all the time 一直, 总是
5.these days 如今,现在
6. go right home马上回家 ,直接回家
7. spend time/money (in) doing sth
花时间/钱做某事
辨析:pay; take; cost ; spend
① sb pay for sth支付…的费用
② It takes (sb) time/money to do sth.
③ sth cost (sb) money
④ sb spend time/money on sth /in doing sth
8. chat with 与…闲聊
9. hardly ever 几乎从不
hardly“几乎不”,表示否定含义
类似的词有:never,few,little,nothing,nobody等。
I am so tired that I can hardly do anything.
我太累了几乎什么事情也干不了了。
There is hardly any food left for me.
几乎没有给我剩什么吃的东西。
10.the old days 过去的日子
11. in the last (few years)
“在过去的(几年)里” 用于现在完成时
My life has changed a lot in the last few years.
我的生活在过去的几年里发生了很大改变。

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Reading2

1. cause trouble惹麻烦
2. afford to do sth支付得起…的费用
I can’t afford to see the movie.
我没钱去看电影。
3. as well as“不仅…而且…;既…又…”
His mother looked after him as well as she could.
他的母亲尽可能好好照顾他
Living things need air and light as well as water.
生物不仅需要水,而且还需要空气和阳光。
She helps Tom as well as I.
除了我以外她也帮了汤姆的忙。
4.get into trouble招惹麻烦
get into trouble with sb惹…的麻烦,与…发生纠缠
He often gets into trouble with the police.
他总是与警察发生纠缠。
5.in the end 最后, 终于
6.make a decision 做出决定
7.send …to…把…送到…
8.to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是
9.even though=even if“即使”
Even if I have to walk all the way, I’ll get there.
即使我得一路走着去,我也要走到那里。
I like her even though she can be annoying.
尽管有时他很烦人,但是我还是喜欢她。
10.no longer不再,已不
11.take pride in对…感到自豪
He would take pride in everything good I do.
他会自豪我做的所有好事。
12.pay attention to sb注意某人
13.a top student尖子生
14. give up 放弃
15.not …any more teacheray.com
not…anymore 不再

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Unit.3
Section 3A

1.语法:被动语态
①构成:主语+be+过去分词+by短语
② He likes music.—– Music is liked by him.
They gave me some flowers. —-I was given some flowers by them .
She makes me go there every day. —-I am made to go there every day by her.
2. be allowed to do sth 被允许干…
I am not allowed to watch TV at home.
我不被允许在家看电视。
allow sb to do sth 允许某人干…
allow doing sth 允许干…
3. go out with their friends 和朋友一块出去
4.sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16岁的孩子
5.part-time jobs 兼职工作
6.get one’s ears pierced 穿耳孔
get sth +过去分词“使…被…”
You must get your coat washed.
你必须把你的衣服洗了。
I couldn’t get my car started this morning.
今天早晨我无法把汽车发动起来。
7.choose one’s own clothes 选自己的衣服
8. a driver’s license 驾照
9.enough 用法:
enough money/books 用在名词前
old enough 用在形容词副词后
10.seem to 好像
11.on weekends 在周末
12.instead of 代替,而不是
辨析:instead (adv.); instead of (prep.)
I won’t go there, I’ll go to the park instead.
我不会去那,我要去公园(instead接句子)
They talk instead of doing homework.
他们说话不做作业。(instead of接短语)
13.at that age 在那个年龄段
14. so do we 我们也一样
(1)So + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为肯定)
表示与前面所述事实一致.
Neither/Nor + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为否定)
表示与前面所述事实一致.
He likes oranges. So do we.
他喜欢橙汁,我们也喜欢。
He doesn’t like oranges. Neither do we.
他不喜欢橙汁,我们也不喜欢。
She went to the cinema yesterday. So did I.
她昨天去了电影院,我也是。
She didn’t go to the cinema yesterday. Neither did I.
她昨天没去电影院,我也没去。
Tom can swim. So can John.
汤姆会游泳,约翰也会。
Tom can’t swim. Neither can John.
汤姆不会游泳,约翰也不会。
(2)So +主语+ be动词/助动词/情态动词
表示对前面事实的进一步确认.
Henry is very tired. So he is.
亨利很累,的确是。
He surfed Internet for two hours. So he did.
他上网两小时了,的确是。
They will win the game. So they will.
他们会赢了这场比赛,他们会的。
15.on school nights 在上学期间的每个晚上
16.by 10:00pm 晚上十点前,by不迟于,常用于将来时的句子中
17. stay up熬夜
He is allowed to stay up until 11:00.
他被允许可以熬至晚上11点。
18.clean up 打扫干净, 收拾整洁
They were all busy cleaning up the ground.
他们忙于扫地。

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Section 3B

1.get to class late . 上课迟到
2. fail (in) sth做某事失败
fail (in) a test考试不及格
Do you ever worry that you’ll fail (in) a test?
你担心过考试不及格吗?
pass a test考试及格;
take a test参加考试
3. be strict with 对…要求严格
be strict with+人.
be strict in+事物.
4.the other day前几天,不久以前
5.all my classmates 我所有的同学
6.concentrate on…专注于…
We would concentrate more on our clothes.
我们会更加集中精神到衣服上。
7.辨析:①be good to sb/sth对…好
She is very good to me.
她对我很好。
② be good to do sth做某事好
Why is it good to volunteer?
为什么对志愿者好呢?
③ be good at擅长
she is good at drawing.
她擅长画画。
④ be good for对…有益
Swimming is good for our health.
游泳对健康有好处。
8. be a good way to do 是…的好方法
9. keep +宾语+形容词 “使…保持…状态”
Keep the door closed.
让门一直关着。
10.both;neither用法:(两者都;两者都不)
Both answers are right.—Neither answer is right.
Both of the answers are right.—Neither of the answers is right.
11. It’s a good idea for sb. to do是…的好主意
12. in groups 成群的,按组的
13.get noisy 吵闹
14. learn from 向某人学习
15.at present现在,目前
At present, the holidays are too short.
现在,假期太短了。
16. have an opportunity to do sth 有做…的机会
17. be a good/great experience for sb. 对…来说是一次很好的经历
18. English-English dictionary 英英词典
19. at least 至少
20. eight hours’ sleep a night 每晚8小时的睡眠
21. an old people’s home 敬老院
22. perform a play for sb为…表演节目
23. primary schools 小学
24. newspaper office报社
25. be sleepy 困倦
26. after a long week of classes 上完一周课之后
27. have…off 放假,休息
28. reply to 回答,答复

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Reading3

1.get in the way of妨碍
2 a professional athlete 职业运动员
3.achieve one’s dreams实现某人的梦想
4. have nothing against doing sth不反对…
5. think about 思考,考虑
6. in the end 最后,终于
7.make a decision 做决定
Should I be allowed to make my own decisions?
我应该被允许自己做决定吗?
8.be serious about对…感兴趣的/是认真的.
I’m serious about running.
我对跑步是认真的。
9. spend…on + n.
spend …(in) + v-ing 在…上花费时间/金钱
10.care about关心,留心,重视
I know that my father cares about me.
我知道父亲关心我。

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