2010527142155

定语从句:在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句,被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词,定语从句必须放在先行词之后。
引导从句的关系代词有:who(人,主语), whom(人,宾语), whose(人/物,定语), which(物,主/宾), that(人/物,主/宾)。
引导从句的关系副词有:where(地点), when(时间), why(原因)。
上述句子成分是我们做定语从句时必须要掌握的根本,一切变化都不能脱离此基础,同学们务必记牢,并加强训练.下面安颖老师给同学们着重介绍一些初中考察定语从句时的考点:

1. 只能用that 的情况:
a. 先行词为all, any, few, no, some, much, little等修饰。
I have done all the work that he told us to do .
我做了所有他告诉我们要做的工作.
b. 先行词被序数词修饰。
The first question that he asked me was hard to answer .
他问我们的第一个问题很难回答.
c. 先行词同时有人和物。
They often talk about things and persons that they remember .
他们经常谈论那些他们记得的人和物.
d. 先行词是everything, anything, nothing, none等不定代词。
I remembered everything that the teachers taught me before .
我记得以前老师教我们的所有内容.
e. 先行词被形容词最高级修饰。
This is the best book that I have read .
这是我读过最好的书.
f. 先行词被the very, the only, the same修饰。
It is the very book that I am looking for .
这正是我要找的那本书.
g. 先行词是指示代词that, one, those, this, another, all等。
Is this school the one that I saw in the picture ?
这是我之前在照片中看到的那个学校吗?
h. 主句以who / which开头,定语从句用that 。
who is the girl that spoke to you just now ?
刚才跟你说话的女孩是谁?
which is the car that was made in China ?
哪辆车是中国制造的?

004

2.引导词when, where和why可用相应的表示时间(in, on, at, during等)、地点(in, on, at等)和原因(for)的介词+which 表达为介宾结构。
a.I still remember the day when I met her for the first time .
I still remember the day on which I met her for the first time .
我仍然记得我第一次见她的那天.
b.That is the place where I went when I was a child .teacheray.com
That is the place to which I went when I was a child .
这个地方是我还是个孩子的时候去过的.
c.May I know the reason why you are late ?
May I know the reason for which you are late ?
我能知道你为什么迟到的原因吗?

3. 注意下面的变化:
a. This is the house where we lived last year .
(where做地点状语,live在句中做不及物动词,不能直接接宾语)
This is the house which/that we lived in last year .
(live后加上in可以接宾语,故此句用which/that引导,做宾语)
b. This is the day when we left for Shenzhen .
(we left for Shenzhen句子成分齐全,故用when做时间状语引导)
This is the day which/that we spent in Shenzhen .
(spent后缺少花费什么做宾语,故用which/that引导作宾语)

2011518926238581

4.限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句的区别:
a. 限制性定语从句:是句中不可缺少的组成部分,没有从句,先行词意思不明确,主句也不完整,从句主句不用逗号分开。
b. 非限制性定语从句:是主句先行词的补充说明,没有从句并不影响主句意思的明确或完整,这种定语从句一般用逗号和主句分开,在非限制性定语从句中,一般不用that,常用which/as.
Last Sunday they reached Dalian, where a meeting was to be held .
上周六我们到达大连,有个会议要在那举行.
She has two brothers, who are both doctors .
她有两个哥哥,都是医生.
They won the game, as we had expected.( as有按照,正如之意)
他们赢得了比赛,正如我们所期待的.
They won the game, which we hadn’t expected.( which没有按照,正如之意)
他们赢得了比赛,这是我们没有预料到的.
As is well known, he is a famous film star in the 1980s.
( as可位于句首, which不可以位于句首)
众所周知,他是80年代著名影星.

רÌ⣺³å´Ì    ÄêÄêËêË껨ÏàËÆ£¬ËêËêÄêÄêÈ˲»Í¬¡£Ò»ÄêÒ»¶ÈµÄ¸ß¿¼ÓÖ½«À´ÁÙ£¬2005Äê6ÔÂ3ÈÕÖÐÎ磬¹ãÖݵÚÁùÖÐѧ£¬ËäÈ»µ±ÌìѧУ¶Ô¸ßÈý¿¼ÉúÒѷż٣¬ÁôУµÄѧϰѧÉú¼«ÉÙ£¬µ«×ß½ø¸ßÈý½ÌÊÒʱ£¬ÈÔ¸ÐÊܵ½¸ß¿¼À´ÁÙÇ°µÄ½ôÕÅÆø·Õ¡£Ã»ÓÐÍùÈÕÐú»©£¬Ã»ÓÐÍùÈÕ̸Ц£¬Ê£ÏÂÖ»ÊÇËྲºÍĬĬÎÞÓïµÄѧϰ£¬ÀÛÁË£¬ÌÉÔÚ¿Î×ÀÉÏÐ¡í¬£¬ÐÑÁË£¬Ì§Í·±ãÊǺڰåÉϵġ°³å´Ì¡±£¬µ¹¼ÆʱһÌìÌìÔڸı䡣ѧÉúÕűø˵£¬¸ß¿¼ÍêºóÎÒÖ»Ïë˯ÈýÌìÈýÒ¹²»Æ𴲡£Ñø±øǧÈÕ£¬Óñøһʱ£¬´óÕ½À´ÁÙÇ°£¬Ï£ÍûËûÃÇÓÐÉáÎÒÆäË­µÄ×ÔÐÅÀ´ÌôÕ½×ÔÒÑ¡£ ͼһ£¨hg2005601 £©£ºÀÛÁËÉìÉìÀÁÑü£¬ºÚ°åÉϵġ°³å´Ì¡±ÎÞʱÎÞ¿ÌÌáÐÑ×Å×ÔÒÑ¡£                     ÉãÓ°£ºº£¹ú

原创/安颖/北京市西城区英语教师,欢迎关注我的微信公众号teacheray,一起交流英语学习。

转载注明版权地址

http://www.teacheray.com

物理学习

英语时间表达方法大全,学习时要注意区分哦

初中英语是基础知识比较多的阶段,在这个阶段,我们要打好基础,为高中的英语学习做好准备,因此,任何一个小的知识点都不应放过,同学们在学习每一课时要养...

初中英语简单句其实不简单,这些易错点要记牢!

一, 简单句的概念 英语句子有简单句,复合句及并列句之分。简单句是由一个主语(S)和一个谓语(V)构成的句子。学好简单句对于提高学生们的听,说,读,写...

孩子是否还在为分不清介词用法头疼?记得替他保存一份!

中学英语有很多介词,而它们的用法又因为不同的情境而不同,今天我们就几组常考易混的介词进行一个详细的剖析,希望对广大学生有所帮助。 (1) in、on、at表...