1.通读全文,了解文章大意
这是做完型填空的第一步,即以快速阅读的方式浏览全文,了解文章大意,抓住主题和关键词,为解题做好准备。通读全文并了解文章大意是为了减少解题时的盲目性。但在迅速浏览全文的过程中,切勿望生词而却步,恰恰相反,碰到不明白的地方应该跳过去,等到填空需要细读时再去分析理解。

2.抓住首尾句
在阅读时要特别注意文章的首句和尾句,因为他们通常是文章的主题句,是全文的中心所在。从第一句中常可以窥见作者的写作目的,把握作者的写作思路以及文章将要叙述的内容,而最后一句则是作者对文章内容的归纳总结,表明作者的观点和态度,有利于考生对文章的理解。

3.联系上下文,进行逻辑推理
完形填空中针对有些空格而给出的四个选项从词汇搭配,语法和单句的角度考虑有时均行得通,但由于文章是一个完整的统一体,词,句,段三者之间存在着内在逻辑关系,此时,需要在上下文中寻找有关提示或暗示,对文章的情节发展做出合乎逻辑的推理判断,抓住提供语言信息的词语,理顺句与句之间的关系,以确定合理的答案。

4.根据语言知识和语法知识解题
完型填空中有相当一部分题涉及各种句子结构,基本语法要点,固定搭配以及习惯用法等。因此在解题是需要运用已掌握的语言知识和语法知识解题。

a当遇到需要填词的题时,首先要考虑这个词在句中是什么成分,词性是什么。
b如果需要填的是名词,就要考虑其单复数和所有格形式。
c如果需要填的是形容词,副词,就要考虑是用原级,比较级还是最高级形式。
d如果填的是动词,则要考虑其时态语态,人称变化,语气以及非谓语动词的一般式,完成式,被动式等。
e如果需要填的是介词,则要注意其固定搭配的用法。
f如果需要填的是冠词,则要注意应用定冠词还是不定冠词。
5.运用背景知识解题
背景知识在解答完型填空题时往往具有重要的辅助作用。有些空不需要花费太多的时间去研究上下文,有些空无论从上下文还是词汇,语法着眼都无法找到解题信息,而运用背景知识也许很快能找到答案,因此,注意背景知识的运用很重要。

下面我们具体看几个实例:

利用首句来解题,结合上下文来选择

首句一般不设空。因此我们应重视首句,并利用首句预测短文的问题和全文内容。

I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was _____ and when I was 14 he said, “You’re never going to be anything but a failure. ”

A.bright B. useless C. simple D. hopeful
The song made her go back to the days when she was Lauren’s age. As a young girl, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ______ in France, Italy and in the United States. “You can become a fine ______ in the future,” her teachers told her. “But you must be prepared to study hard and work for many years.

A. French B. music C. piano D. dance
A. actress B. student C. singer D. dancer
根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题

He never criticized us, but used _____ to bring out our best.

help B. peace C. smile D. praise
His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often_____ about that, Ed refused to buy a _____ T-shirt or to lose weight.

cared B. forgot C. quarreled D. joked
clean B. straight C. larger D. darker
根据逻辑推理解题

…and the officers then began to eat their meal, saying that the mushrooms had a very strange ___quite pleasant taste.
A. besides B. but C. and D. or

根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择

Owning springs and streams sometimes means control, particularly in the_____ areas like the desert.teacheray.com

A.dry B.distant C.deserted D.wild

从词语辨析的角度来解题

When, two weeks later, I___ this same boy, I was more aware of my position in Nigerian society. I should enjoy this country as the son of a minister.

ran after B. ran into C. ran over D. ran to
场所同现

On _____ days, she wore heavy clothes and a pair of woolen gloves.

sunny B. rainy C. cloudy D. snowy

结构同现

Sometimes he would invite a student to a game of chess. _____ , he would join student groups to discuss a variety of subjects: agriculture, diving, mathematics.

As a matter of fact B. Later on C. Other times D. In general

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