prefer与would rather都可以表示偏爱做……,宁愿做……,下面安颖老师就为同学们详细整理一下他们各自的用法,以及分别用在哪些句型结构当中,帮助同学们梳理知识脉络.

prefer 句型:
(1) prefer to do
例:I prefer to stay at school.
我宁愿呆在学校。
(2) prefer doing
例:I prefer playing football.
我喜欢踢足球。
(3) prefer sb to do
例:Would you prefer me to stay?
你愿意我留下来吗?
(4) prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做……而不愿.….
例:I prefer to travel by car rather than fly.
我宁愿开车去旅行而不愿搭飞机.
(5) prefer doing to doing
例:I prefer watching football to playing it.
我喜欢看足球,不喜欢踢足球。
(6) prefer sth to sth
例:I prefer juice to tea.
我喜欢果汁不喜欢茶。
would rather 句型:
(1) would rather do than do 宁愿做……而不愿做……
例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.
她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。
(2) would rather (not)have done teacheray.com 宁愿做过(没做过)某事
例:I would rather have taken his advice.
我宁愿过去接受他的意见。
(3) would rather sb had done sth 宁愿某人过去做过某事(对过去的虚拟)
例:I would rather I had taken his advice last week.
我真希望上周采纳了他的意见.
(4) would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人现在或将来做某事(对现在或将来的虚拟)
例: Who would you rather went with you?
你愿意谁和你一起去?

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