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1. keep sb. doing

很抱歉让你在这儿等这么长时间。
I’m sorry to keep you waiting for such a long time.
那个军官让士兵们在太阳下站一个小时。
The officer kept the soldiers standing in the sun for an hour.
2. keep/make sth. +adj.
在图书馆请保持安静。
Please keep the library quiet.
这条消息使他们很难过
This piece of news made them very sad.
不要乱丢垃圾,请保持地面清洁。
No littering, keep the floor clean.
3. like to do / like doing
我喜欢听轻音乐。
I like listening to the light music.
我喜欢在闲暇时做些东西来丰富我的生活。
I like to make something in my spare time to enrich my life.
4. make / let sb.(not) do sth.
别着急,让我替你照看林涛。
Don’t worry. Let me look after/ take care of Lin Tao for you.
那时,她妈妈让她每周六都站在电影院门口卖花。
At that time, her mother made her sell flowers in front of the cinema
他们让我们在雨中踢足球。
They make us play football in the rain.
5. neither…nor
恶劣的天气和艰苦的条件都不能改变她在那里教书的想法。
Neither bad weather nor the poor condition could change her mind to teach here.
Jim和Tom都不打算开车去买菜。
Neither Jim nor Tom is going to buy vegetables by car.
我父母和姐姐中午都不在家吃饭。
Neither my parents nor my sister has dinner at home.

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6. not…at all
他对从事的工作一点也不感兴趣。
He is not interested in going in for research at all.
如果父母对孩子一点也不严格,孩子的成绩就会很快下降。
If parents are not strict with their children at all, their marks will come down quickly.
7. not…until
昨晚直到妈妈叫他去睡觉,杰克才停止玩电子游戏。
Jack didn’t stop playing the computer games until his mum asked him to go to bed.
别担心,直到雨停了他才回来。
Don’t worry, he won’t be back until the rain stops.
昨天晚上一直到12点我才睡着。
I didn’t fall asleep until 12 o’clock.
8. One…the other…/Some… others…
假如你想爬山,有两种方式,一种是步行,一种是坐缆车上去。
If you want to get to the top of the Hill, there are two ways. One is climbing up to the top, the
other is taking the cable car.
放学后许多学生参加课外小组活动,一些打篮球、另一些与外教练习英语。
After school a lot of students take part in some activities, some go to the computer group, some play basketball, others practice English with the foreign teachers.

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9. prefer…to
他喜欢坐火车旅行,而不是坐公共汽车。
He prefers traveling by train to traveling by bus.
我喜欢网上购物,而不是商店购物。
I prefer shopping on line to going shopping.
我宁愿买新的,也不愿修它。
I prefer buying a new one to mending it.
10. see/hear sb. do(doing) sth.
我看见他用一块漂亮的布盖在桌子上。
I saw him cover the desk with a piece of beautiful cloth.
当我们过桥的时候,我们看到一个男孩掉入河中。
When we crossed the bridge, we saw a boy fall into the river.
我听到有人大叫:着火了!
I heard someone shouting: “Fire!”
11. so…that
这个电影院太大了,没几个人能轻易找到入口处。
The cinema is so big that few can find the entrance to it easily.
这本字典太厚了,这个小孩拿不动它。
The dictionary is so thick that the boy can’t carry it.
我爸爸住得太远,我们几乎看不到他。
My dad lives so far that we can hardly see him.
12. spend…on /(in) doing sth.
我们每天花半小时听英语。
We spend half an hour listening to English every day.
她花很多时间冲浪。
She spent lots of time surfing.
她花很多钱买衣服。
She spent much money on the clothes.
13. stop to do /stop doing
这些美味的蛋糕也没能留住他。
Even these delicious cakes didn’t stop him from leaving.
请你停下来听我说好吗?
Would you please stop to listen to me?
别这么吵闹。
Stop making so much noise.

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14. such a +adj. +n. that…
北京是如此美丽的一个地方,大多数人都认为它是一个旅游的好地方。
Beijing is such a beautiful place that most people think it’s a good place to travel.
这个电影太有趣了,我还想再看一遍。
It’s such an interesting film that I want to see it again.
他是一个勇敢的孩子,他父母为他感到骄傲。
He is such a brave boy that his parents are proud of him.
15. thank sb for sth.
他感谢他们为他打扫教室。
He thanks them for cleaning the classroom for him.
谢谢你给我买了这么漂亮的花。
Thanks for buying so beautiful flowers for me.
谢谢邀请我们。
Thank you for inviting us.
16. The+ 比较级 the +比较级
你现在学习越努力,你考试就考得越好。
The harder you work, the higher marks you’ll get.
我们相聚越多就越快乐。
The more we get together, the happier we’ll be.
17. There is sth. wrong with…
这个大而旧的闹钟有问题了,它不走了
There is something wrong with the big old clock. It doesn’t work.
这台机器出毛病了.
There is something wrong with the machine.
他的自行车有毛病了,他不能再骑了。
There is something wrong with his bike. He can’t ride it any more.
18. too…to
我起床太晚了,没赶上早班车。
I got up too late to catch the early bus.
这项工作太难,我独自做不了。
The work is too hard for me to do it alone.
这个宾馆太贵了,我们支付不起。
The price of the restaurant is too high for us to afford it.
19. used to
我过去常常和他一起去公园。
I used to go to park with him.
这个病人曾经对他强壮的身体感到十分自豪。
The patient used to be proud of his strong body.
我叔叔去年夏天在超市卖菜。
My uncle used to sell vegetables in the supermarket.

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20. What about /How about…?
许多乘客都已描述了那可怕的事故,你呢?
Many passengers have described the terrible accident, what about you?
去深海潜水怎么样?
What about diving deep into the sea?
试一试怎么样?
What about having a try?teacheray.com
21. What’s the matter with…?
你看起来很着急,有什么事?
You look worried. What’s the matter with you?
李雷今天没来上学,他怎么了?
Li Lei didn’t come to school today. What’s the matter with him?
22. Why not…?
为什么不把它的作业还给他呢?
Why not return/ give his homework back to him?
昨天晚上你为什么没去看电影?
Why not you go to see the film last night?
23. Will (would, could) you please…?
请你把奶酪递给我,好吗?
Will you please pass me the cheese?
请你们保持教室的清洁整齐好吗?
Would you please keep our classroom clean and tidy?
请你在英语方面帮助我好吗?
Would you please help me with my English?
24. both…and
林涛和李蕾都在图书馆。
Both Lin Tao and Li Lei are in the library.
英语和数学都重要。
Both English and math are important.

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25. not only…but also
他会讲法语还会讲流利的英语。
He can speak not only French but also fluent English.
他不仅是一位作家,还是一位发明家。
He is not only a writer, but also an inventor.
如果你要把英文学好,你不仅要大量的阅读,还要坚持用英文和别人进行交谈。
If you want to learn English well, you should not only read a lot, but also talk with others in English.
26. stop sb from doing
这些美味的蛋糕也没能留住他。
Even the delicious cake couldn’t stop him from going away.
什么也挡不住我去广州。
Nothing can stop me from going to Guangzhou.
27. get on with
尽管他才来中国一个月,但他已与班上同学们相处得很融洽了。
Although he has been in China for only a month, he gets on well with his classmate.

以上仅代表个人观点,希望对广大老师学生有所帮助。

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