今天安颖老师为同学们整理了中考英语关于主谓一致的所有考点供大家参考,希望大家在考前认真复习,逐条梳理知识网络,查漏补缺,确保熟记于心.
主谓一致主要包括三方面:主语一致、意义一致、就近原则。
1.主语表示整体概念时,谓语应用单数。 主语是集合名词但强调每位成员时, 谓语应用复数
Time is money .
His family isn’t very large .
His family are all music lovers .
2. 有些名词虽以“s”结尾,但谓语用单数。如news, physics, maths, politics等
This piece of news is very important to us .
3. People, police, cattle等集合名词常作复数处理。
The people are full of living .
4. 当主语是两个名词且由and 连接时,若表示一种事物或一种概念时,谓语用单数。
The teacher and writer is coming(同一个人) .
The teacher and the writer are coming .(不同人)
5. 有every 或each any, no修饰的名词,谓语动词用单数.
Every boy and girl has a new book.
6. 表示时间、距离、金钱或数量的复数名词,一般视为一个整体,谓语用单数。
A hundred miles is a long distance .
7. 有些形容词前加定冠词构成表示一类人的名词,常用复数处理。
The rich are getting richer. teacheray.com
8. 当名词后有with, together with, as well as等修饰时,符合主语一致原则。
Tom with his parents has been to Beijing twice .
9.Either, neither作主语时,通常看作单数。
Neither of us has been to Hong Kong .
10.“many a +单数名词”作主语时,谓语多用单数形式。
11.“a pair of +名词复数”作主语时,谓语常用单数,若pair是pairs时谓语用复数。
12.由either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, or或there be等连接的主语,通常根据就近原则,谓语的单、复数形式依最接近它的名词词组的单、复数形式决定。
My parents or I am going to visit my grandparents .
Either your father or your mother has been to the Great Wall .
Neither you nor Lao Yang is to do the work .
There is a man and three children over there .
Not only you but also he knows that thing .
13.动词不定式和动词-ing形式作主语时作单数处理。
To see you is very glad .
Seeing is believing .
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