初中英语短语大全|初中英语短语固定搭配|下载版

 

文/北京市西城区中学英语教师 安颖

 

        同学们,安颖老师在此为大家总结了中考英语常考的固定搭配,常用词组辨析以及常考句型,很多同学经常向我反映英语最头疼就是各种搭配,很多表达相似易混,记得这个忘了那个,总是感觉有记不完的知识点,究其原因还是没有把这些相似易混的短语总结在一起对比记忆,只有放在一起区别异同,才能有针对性的背诵并运用,因此,笔者为同学们整理了初中英语易混词汇分类辨析100组,希望对同学们有所帮助。

         当然,这只是初中三年词汇中较为突出的常考搭配的一部分,在我的新书《初中英语自诊断》中对文中这些词剖析的更透彻全面,总结常考词汇超过500组,并且书中有历年中考英语典型完形填空及阅读理解配套视频讲解,你只需动动手指扫一扫题目下方二维码就可以观看详细讲解视频,不仅可以彻底理解每一题目选择该选项的原因,更加可以在题目中体会我们平时积累的这些词汇句型在中考题目中是如何体现的,加强理解记忆,书中视频针对题目中出现的短语词汇都做出了标红加粗处理,在讲解时也特别强调了该知识点出现在《初中英语自诊断》一书的哪个章节,是一本不可多得的好书,同时购书的家长或同学针对书中问题有任何疑问都可以在线咨询我,我会为大家一一解答,帮助同学们提高英语成绩,相信只要我们把书中知识点与题目用心理解掌握,做到烂熟于心,便可以抛开题海战术,轻松取得优异成绩。好,让我们先从这100组词汇开始吧!

 

初中英语短语大全|初中英语短语固定搭配|下载版

 

重点短语已用黑体加粗

 

1.初中英语短语大全之down

put down 放下
shut down 把…关上
cut down 砍掉
come down下来、落下
slow down 减缓、放慢
sit down 坐下
write down 写下
get down 下来,降落

2.初中英语短语大全之after

after all 毕竟.终究
day after day 日复一日地
one after another 相继.挨次
the day after tomorrow 后天

3.初中英语短语大全之up

come up with 找到、提出
catch up with 赶上
wake up 弄醒、醒来
send up 发射
grow up 长大
pick up 拾起、捡起
hands up 举手
eat up 吃光
clean up 打扫干净
give up doing sth.放弃做某事

4.初中英语短语大全之到达的表达

arrive at/in + n. 到达
get to +n.到达
reach + n.到达

5.初中英语短语大全之back

back 退还, 送回去.取回
give back 归还
come back 回来
at the back of 在…的后面
on the way (back)home 在回家路上

6.初中英语短语大全之at

at least 至少
at breakfast 早餐时
at once 立刻,马上
at school 在上学
at the same time 同时
at work 在工作
be good at=do well in 善长
laugh at 嘲笑
not…at all 一点也不
at first 起初
at night 在晚上
at noon 中午
at the age of 在…岁时
at last / in the end / finally 最后、终于
at the beginning of 在…一开始
at the end of 在…终点、结尾
at the moment /now 现在
at the foot of在…脚下
at any moment 任何时候
at times(sometimes)有时, 偶尔
at the doctor’s 在医务室
be bad at不善长

初中英语短语大全
7.初中英语短语大全之for

for example 例如
for ever 永远
be good for 对…有益
be bad for对…有害
for short 简称
be short for是…的简称

8.初中英语短语大全之come

come true 实现
come down 下来
come from=be from 来自, 出生于
come in/into 进入,进来
come on 赶快
come over 过来
come along 走吧,过来,快点
come up 上来
come out 出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来

9.初中英语短语大全之even if,as if

even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管
as if=as though 好像

10.初中英语短语大全之of

be pleased with 对…感到满意
be covered with 被…覆盖
be expected to do sth.被期望做某事
be proud of 以…自豪
speak highly of 称赞
be afraid of害怕
hear of 听说
hear from sb.收到某人的来信
of cause=certainly当然可以
plenty of= a lot of许多

初中英语短语大全|初中英语短语固定搭配|下载版
11.初中英语短语大全之by

by the way 顺便说
by oneself 单独,独自
by the end of到…为至
by the time (引起时间状语从句) 到…的时候
one by one依次
by air / plane 乘飞机
by bus / train / car 乘公共汽车/ 火车/轿车

12.初中英语短语大全之do

do / try one’s best 尽力
do one’s homework 做家庭作业
do (the/some) shopping 购物
do the cooking 烹饪
do some cleaning 打扫
do the / some washing洗衣服
do sport做运动
do with 处理
well done干得好

13.初中英语短语大全之in

early in the morning 一大早
in the early spring 初春
in my early days 我幼年时期

14.初中英语短语大全之to

make a contribution to 贡献给、捐献
make a telephone call to sb. /ring sb. up /give sb. a call /phone sb. 给某人打电话

connect…to…把…与…连接起来
be close to 靠近(某地)

15.初中英语短语大全之either,neither

either…or…或者…或者
neither…nor… 既不….也不….

16.初中英语短语大全之doing

keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)
practise doing sth. 练习做某事
enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
finish doing sth.做完某事
go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事)
mind doing 介意做某事
feel like doing 想要做某事

初中英语短语大全
17.初中英语短语大全之go

go on to do sth.接着做某事(另一 事)
go straight along 沿着…一直往前走
go down下降,
go for a walk散
go over复习
go shopping买东西,
go to the cinema去看电影
go well进展顺利
go out外出
go to work去上班
go up上升
go through 经历;通过,完成

18.初中英语短语大全之think

think about 考虑
think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到
think over 仔细考虑
think out 想出
talk about 谈论
worry about 担心
How / What about…?…怎么样?

19.初中英语短语大全之from

borrow…from …从…借….
lend…to…把…借给…)
from door to door 挨家挨,
from time to time 时时
from now on 从今以后
from then on 从那以后
be different from与…不同
learn…from…向…学习

20.初中英语短语大全之get

get dressed 穿衣
get into进入
get / be lost丢失
get off / on下/上车
get on well with sb. 与某人相处得好
get out of从…出来
get ready for +n.为…做准备
get ready to do sth.准备做某事
get / go to sleep (fall asleep) 入睡
get warm 变暧
get well康复
get a chance 有机会、得到机会
get through 通过,完成

21.初中英语短语大全之look

look for 寻找
look after=take care of照看
look like看起来像
look over 检查,复习
look out 小心,从里向外看
look the same 看起来一样
look up 向上看,查单词
look down 向下看,俯视;鄙视
look around 环视
look forward to 期望
look through 温习,检查
look into 调查

22.初中英语短语大全之off

set off 出发、动身
put off 推迟
keep off 避开、不靠近…
drop off 放下(某物)
turn off 关
jump off 跳离
take off 脱(衣) (飞机)起飞

初中英语短语大全|初中英语短语固定搭配|下载版
23.初中英语短语大全之half

half a kilo 半千克
half an hour 半小时
in half 分成两半
half of the day 半天

24.初中英语短语大全之exercise

do eye exercises 做眼保健操
do morning exercises 做早操
take (more) exercise (多)参加体育锻炼
an exercise book 练习本

25.初中英语短语大全之in

take part in 参加
hand in 上交
in hospital 住院
in surprise 吃惊地
in the sun 在阳光下
in trouble 处于困境
in a minute / moment 马上

26.初中英语短语大全之出发的表达

leave for… 动身去某地
set off 出发去某地

27初中英语短语大全之on

feed on 以…为主食
live on 继续活着
base on 以…为根据
carry on 坚持、继续下去
and so on 等等
on the other hand 另一方面
on foot 步行

28.初中英语短语大全之be

be famous for 以..著名
be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋
be interested in 对…感兴趣be born出生
be busy with sth.= be busy doing sth. 忙于
…be amazed at 对..感到惊讶

初中英语短语大全
29.初中英语短语大全之move

move away 移开
move to (搬)移到

30.初中英语短语大全之search

search the Internet上网
search for 寻找
in search of 寻找

31.初中英语短语大全之make

make sure 确信
make a dialogue 编对话
make a mistake 犯错误
by mistake 由于疏忽
make a noise 吵闹
make faces 做鬼脸
make friends (with) 和..交朋友
make room for 给..让地方
make money 赚钱
make a decision作出决定

32.初中英语短语大全之use

used to do sth 过去常常做某事
be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事

33.初中英语短语大全之leave

leave sth. behind “把……忘记在某处”
leave for 出发去
leave out 忽视,遗漏

34.初中英语短语大全之to do

forget to do sth. 忘记做某事
encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
decide to do sth.决定做某事
allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

35.初中英语短语大全之hear

hear sb. to do (doing)sth. 听见某人做某事
hear of/about 听说
hear from 收到某人来信

36.初中英语短语大全之help

help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
with one’s help在某人的帮助下
with pleasure 乐意

37.初中英语短语大全之holiday

the summer holiday(s) 暑假
the winter holiday(s)寒假

38.初中英语短语大全之into

step into 走进
pour into 倒入…
look into 调查

39.初中英语短语大全之first

in the first 第一
for the first time 第一次
at first起初
first of all 首先

40.初中英语短语大全之message

leave a message for sb. 给某人留条
give / take sb. a message 给某人捎口信

41.初中英语短语大全之take

take photos / pictures 照像
take away拿走
take out取出
work out 算出
take care 当心
take care of 照顾
take medicine 服药
take one’s temperature 量体温
take one’s time 别着急
take a walk 散步
take place 发生

42.初中英语短语大全之learn

learn by oneself / teach oneself 自学
learn by heart 背熟
learn of/about 了解

43.初中英语短语大全之year

a year and a half (one and a half years ) 一年半
in the past few years 在过去的几年里

44.初中英语短语大全之have

have a try 尝试,努力
try out 尝试、试验
try on 试穿
find out / about 找出,查明
have a good / wonderful / great / time 玩得开心
have a (bad) cold (重)感冒
have a meeting / walk / watch 开会/散步/比赛
have sports 进行体育活动
have nothing / sth. to do with 与..无(有)关
have no idea 不知道
have (one’s) medicine 服药

45.初中英语短语大全之提供某人某物的表达

offer sb sth. 某人提供某物
supply sb. with sth. 提供某人某物
provide sb. with sth. 提供某人某物

初中英语短语大全|初中英语短语固定搭配|下载版
46.初中英语短语大全之第一的表达

win first prize 获一等奖
get frist place 得第一名

47.初中英语短语大全之全世界的表达

all over the world 全世界
around the world 全世界
throughout the world 全世界
the whole word 全世界

48.初中英语短语大全之各种各样的

all kinds of 各种各样的
different kinds of 各种各样的
various of 各种各样的

49.初中英语短语大全之不定代词

neither… nor 既不…也不….
either…or…. 要么…要么…

50.初中英语短语大全之不但…而且…

not only … but also …不但…而且
both… and ……和…都

51.初中英语短语大全之越来越….

the +比较级, the +比较级…. 越….越….
more and more 越来越….

52.初中英语短语大全之all

all one’s life 一生
all the time 总是,一直
all the same 一样
all by oneself 独自
after all 毕竟,终究

53.初中英语短语大全之as

as soon as 一…就…
as soon as possible 尽可能早地、尽快
as well = too 也
as much as 至多
regard …as 把…当作…
as if 好像

54.初中英语短语大全之no matter

no matter what 无论什么
no matter how 无论怎样
no matter which 无论哪一个
no matter where 无论在哪里
no matter when 无论何时

55初中英语短语大全之ever since

ever since 从那以后,此后一直
up till now 到目前为止

56.初中英语短语大全之so

so far 到目前为止
or so大约

初中英语短语大全
57.初中英语短语大全之another

another two hours (=two more hours ) 又(再) 2个小时
some…others…. 一些…另一些…(还有…)
some… the others…. 一些…另一些…(剩余的全部)

58.初中英语短语大全之time

three times a week 一周三次
in time 及时
on time 准时
from time to time 不时的
once upon a time 从前

59.初中英语短语大全之number

the number of …的数量
a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many 许多
a great deal of 大量,许多

60.初中英语短语大全之less

less than 少于
less and less 越来越少
more or less 差不多

61.初中英语短语大全之bring

bring up 抚养,培养
bring in 引进

62.初中英语短语大全之until

not…until…直到…才…
until 到….为止

63.初中英语短语大全之like

feel like +n./V-ing 想要做
would like to 想要做
be willing to 想要/乐意做

64.初中英语短语大全之carry

carry out 执行
carry on 继续

65.初中英语短语大全之away

wash away 冲走
run away逃跑
take away 带走

66.初中英语短语大全之long

before long 不久
long before / ago 很久以前
for long =for a long time 长期
no longer = not. .any longer 不再

67.初中英语短语大全之more

more or less = about 或多或少,大约
more than = over 多于,超过;不仅仅
no more than 仅仅,只有,不超过

68.初中英语短语大全之every

every year 每年
every four years 每隔四年
every other day 每隔一天

69.初中英语短语大全之next

next to 紧挨着
next door 隔壁,邻居
next year 明年
next time 下次

70.初中英语短语大全之收到某人的来信

receive / get / have a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信
hear from sb 收到某人的来信

71.初中英语短语大全之展览

on show 展览
on display 展览

72.初中英语短语大全之充满的表达

be filled with 充满…
be full of 充满…

73.初中英语短语大全之因为的表达

thank to 由于,因为
because of 由于
as a result of 因为
owe to 因为
due to 因为

初中英语短语大全|初中英语短语固定搭配|下载版
74.初中英语短语大全之day

some day =one day (将来)某一天
all day 终日
day and night 日日夜夜
in a day or two 一两天内
in the old days 从前,旧社会
from day to day (day after day)日复一日
the day before yesterday 前天
the day after tomorrow 后天
Tree Planting Day植树节
Women’s Day 妇女节

75.初中英语短语大全之stop

keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事
stop to do sth.停下来去做某事
stop doing sth.停止做某事

76.初中英语短语大全之place

a place (places) of interest 名胜
take place 发生
take the place of 代替

77.初中英语短语大全之分数的表达方法

two thirds of the books三分之二的书
a quarter of the books 四分之一的书
one third of the books 三分之一的书

78.初中英语短语大全之card

credit card 信用卡
post card 明信片

79.初中英语短语大全之point

point at / to 指向
to the point 中肯,切中要害

80.初中英语短语大全之sea

by sea = by ship 乘船
by the sea = on the sea 在海边
at sea 在海上
all at sea 茫然不知,迷惑

81.初中英语短语大全之决定做某事

set one’s mind to do sth. 一心想做某事
make up one’s mind to do 下定决心做某事
decide to do 决定做某事
determine to do 决定做某事

初中英语短语大全
82 .初中英语短语大全之die

die out 灭绝
die of/from 死于
Be dying for 渴望

83.初中英语短语大全之see

See you! 再见
You see. 你知道你明白, 你瞧
Let me see.让我想想
see sb. off 给某人送行
see a / the doctor 看病
see sb . do / doing sth. 看见某人做某事

84.初中英语短语大全之other

some…others 一些(人,物)…其他(人,物)
one…another一个..另一个(三者或以上 )
one…the other一个…另一个(总数二个)

85.初中英语短语大全之out

be worn out 穿旧,磨坏;筋疲力尽
check out 核实,检查
stand out 杰出, 突出

86.初中英语短语大全之in

in this way 用这种方法
in a few years 几年以后
in space 在太空
in the air 在空中
in the open air 在户外
in silence 沉默的
in vain 徒劳的
in danger 危险中

87.初中英语短语大全之have been to,have gone to

have been to 去过某地(已回来)
have gone to 到某地去了(没回来)

88.初中英语短语大全之prefer

prefer to= like…better than宁愿,更喜欢
prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself .我喜欢自己做那件事).
prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing)
(I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球) ;
prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than + 不带to的不定式
(I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车)

初中英语短语大全|初中英语短语固定搭配|下载版
89.初中英语短语大全之四个花费

人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth.
(I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework. 我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业.) , 人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词
(He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机).
人 + pay + money +for +sth.
( He p aid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.)
It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth.
(It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟).
物+ cost + (sb.) + money
(The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)

90.初中英语短语大全之mind

mind + if 从句 (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?)
mind + V-ing (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)

91.初中英语短语大全之what,why

what…for? / why…? 为什么?
(What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English? 你为什么学英语)

92.初中英语短语大全之need

need + 名词 (v-ing) 需要被做….(主动表被动)
This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理

93.初中英语短语大全之use

“be used for+ 名词(v-ing),”被用来做..
(A writing brush is used for writing.这支笔是用来写字的)
be used as+名词”, 被作为…使用
(English is used as the first language in these countries. 英语在这些国家作为母语使用.)
be used by+动作执行者”, 被…使用

94.初中英语短语大全之make

be made of 由…制造 (看得出原材料)
be made from由…制成 (看不出原材料)
be made in+地点, “某地制造”
be made by+人, “由谁制造的”

95.初中英语短语大全之develop

developed countries 发达国家
developing countries 发展中国家

初中英语短语大全
96.初中英语短语大全之worth

be worth + money (V-ing), 值…钱.值得做…
This car is worth more than two million yuan in China. 这辆车在中国价值超过两百万.
This book is well worth reading. 这本书很值得一读.

97.初中英语短语大全之专有名词

the Summer Palace 颐和园
Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场
the Palace Museum 故宫
the Great Hall of the People 人民大会堂
the Temple of Heaven 天坛
the Great Green Wall 绿色长城
PLA 中国人民解放军
PRC 中华人民共和国
the Party 中国共产党
the League 共青团
Peking Opera 京剧

98.初中英语短语大全之so….that….

so + 形/副+that 从句 如此….以至于….
The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter.这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长
such +名词+ that从句 如此….以至于….
This is such an interesting story that all of us like it 这故事如此有趣,我们都喜欢.
It is such fine weather today that many children are playing outside
天气如此好,以至于很多孩子在外面玩.

99 .初中英语短语大全之tell, too

tell sb about sth. 告诉某人关于某事
tell sb+从句
tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事
tell a lie 说谎
tell off 责备
thank you for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你
… too +adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能
too much (修饰名词)太多,过分
much too(修饰adj./adv.)太

100.初中英语短语大全之hope

hope / wish+不定式(或从句)
wish sb. to do sth.
hope to do
What do you mean by…?= What does… mean? …是什么意思?
敬请关注安颖英语微信公众号TEACHERAY,阅读更多初中英语学习的精美文章
网站支持 : WWW.TEACHERAY.COM