常见初中英语to do/doing短语大全来一发(打包带走)

同学们,今天安颖老师要跟大家分享的短语搭配是初中英语最全的所有动词to do/doing的用法,相信这些对同学们有很大的帮助,因为这里列举的都是咱们平常大考小考中不断遇到的动词搭配,尤其是某些动词后到底用to do还是doing,或者二者都能用时又有什么区别,很多同学记不清,容易混淆,而很多阅读完型包括我们平常练习中的单选,基础知识等又反反复复的考到这些内容,所以同学们务必对如下材料引起重视,做到烂熟于心,才能在考试当中游刃有余。

1. allow sb to do sth 允许某人去做某事
2. asked sb (not) to do sth 叫某人做某事(叫某人不要去做某事)(常考)
be asked to do sth 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事
3. be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事
be afaid of doing sth 害怕做某事
4. be amazed to do sth 对做某事感到惊讶
5. be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事(常考)
6. be excited to do sth 对做……感到兴奋
be excited about doing sth 对做……感到兴奋
7. be frightened to do sth 害怕去做某事
8. be glad/happy to do sth 高兴去做某事
be pleased to do sth高兴做某事
9. be interested in sth/doing sth 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣 (常考)
10. be/get ready for/to do sth 为某事做好了准备
11. be worth doing sth 值得做某事(worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)
12. begin to do sth
begin/start to do/doing sth
13. can/be able to afford (to buy) sth 有能力购买(供)……
14. can/may/must do sth. could/would/should/might do sth
15. can’t wait to do sth 迫不急待地去做某事
16. can’t help to do\doing sth 情不自禁做某事(常考)
17. decide to do sth 决定去做某事
make up one’s mind to do sth 下决心去做某事(常考)
make a decision to do sth 对做某事作出决定
18. deserve to do sth 值得/应该做
19. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人去做某事
20. enjoy doing sth 乐意去做某事(常考)
21. expect (sb) to do sth 期望去做某事
22. fail to do sth 做某事失败
succeed doing sth 成功做了某事
23. finish doing sth 做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)
24. follow sb to do sth 跟随某人去做某事
25. get sb to do sth
make sb do sth
let sb do sth
26. give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb
buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb
27. go on to do sth 继续做事(常考)
go on doing sth 继续做事(常考)
28. hate to do/doing sth 讨厌/不喜欢做某事
29. have fun doing sth 做某事很开心
30. have difficulties doing sth 做某事遇到困难(常考)
31. have sb do sth
have sth done 遭受
have sth to do 还有事要做
32. hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)
hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事
33. help to do sth 帮忙做某事
help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
34. hope/wish to do sth 希望做某事hope sb to do sth (错误)
wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事
35. It’s + adj+(for sb) to do sth . 强调事的属性(常考)
It’s+adj +(of sb) to do sth 强调人的属性
36. It takes sb some time/money to do sth . 花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)
37. pay …for… cost spend…on/doing….. it takes …to do sth (花费)
38. It’s best for sb to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是最好的
had better do sth 最好做某事(常考)
39. It’s time for sb to do sth 是某人做某事的时候了
40. keep (on)doing sth 坚持做某事(常考)
keep sb doing sth 让某人做某事(常考)
keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)
keep sb/sth +adj teacheray.com
keep the book for 2 days 借这本书两天(不要用borrow或lend)
41. learn to do sth 学做某事
learn sth from sb 向某人学习
42. like to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事
43. need to do sth
need doing sth/to be done
44. prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿……而不愿……(常考)
prefer doing sth to doing sth 喜欢做……胜过做……
prefer to do sth 喜欢(爱)做某事
45. refuse to do sth 拒绝做……
46. remember/forget to do sth 记得/忘记做某事
remember/forget doing sth 记得/忘记做过某事
47. see sb do sth 看见某人做某事(结果)(常考)
see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事(正在进行中)
be seen to do sth 做某事被看见
48. something to eat/drink 一些吃/喝的东西(动词不定式放在something等后修饰这些词)
49. spend some time (in)doing sth /on sth 花费时间做某事(注意动词要用ing形式)(常考)
spend some money on sth/doing sth 买……花了多少钱
50. Sth is hard/difficult/easy to do . 做好某事很难/容易
51. stop to do sth 停下来去某事(两件事)(常考)
stop doing sth 停止做某事 (一件事)(常考)
stop sb (from) doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)
52. take turns to do sth 轮流做……
53. tell sb (not) to do sth 叫某人去(不要)做某事(常考)
be told to do sth 被告知不要做某事
54. There is no need (for sb) to do sth 对某人来说没必要做某事
55. There is no time (for sb ) to do sth
have no time to do sth 没时间做某事
56. too…(for sb) to …太……以致不能…… so… that… not… enough to do (常考)
57. try/do one’s best to do sth 尽力去做某事(常考)
try to do sth 试着做某事
58. used to do sth 过去常做某事(常考)
59. want/would like to do sth 想做……
want/would like sb to do sth 想某人做……
feel like doing sth 喜爱做某事(注意like后接动词ing形式)(常考)
60. warn sb (not) to do sth 警告某人做某事(或不要做某事)
61. Why don’t you do sth ?
Why not do sth ?
表示建议的句型还有:What \How about……?(如果是动词,要用ing形式)
Shall we……?
62. Would you mind doing sth ? 你介意做某事吗?(常考)
Never mind/Not at all/of course not/certainly not . (从不介意/一点也不介意/当然不会了)
63. finish doing sth enjoy doing sth practise doing sth be good at doing sth thank you for doing sth stop doing sth give up doing sth mind doing sth stop sb from doing sth go on doing sth be busy doing sth see/hear/watch sb doing sth feel like doing sth hate doing sth like doing sth be afraid of doing sth be interested in doing sth make a contribution to sth/doing sth
64. 感官动词:(主动语态不带to)1.hear/see/watch sb do sth 或 2. hear/see/watch sb doing sth
1. We often hear him sing the song.
2. I saw him swimming in the river just now.
被动语态带to:
1. He is often heard to sing the song.
使役动词: (主动语态不带to) make/let sb do sth.
His father often makes him do this and that.
被动语态带to:
He is often made to do this and that by his father.

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