few , a few, little, a little是在各种大小考试中都会出现的重要知识考察点,是必须掌握的基础知识,同时在考试中属于必拿分的简单基础题,同学们务必掌握.

a6
(1) 含义不同, a few, a little表示肯定意义,意思为有几个,有一些,而few, little表示否定意义,意思为几乎没有.

(2) 搭配不同, few , a few用于可数名词前,而 little, a little用于不可数名词前.
She has a few friends.
她有一些朋友.
She has few friends.
她几乎没有朋友.
There is a little water in the glass.
杯子里有一点儿水.
There is little water in the glass.
杯子里几乎没有水.

a12

(3) only a few在口语中常表示只有一些(点儿),而quite a few 则是相当多.
Only a few people knew it.teacheray.com
只有几个人知道这件事.
Quite a few young people like the play ”meteor garden”.
相当多的年轻人喜欢流星花园这部戏.

(4) a little 意为有的,稍微,可以修饰形容词或副词的比较级.
Can I keep it a little longer?
我能借更长一点儿时间吗?
He ran a little slower than his classmate.
他比他的同学跑的慢一点.

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